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Content with Location Near East, North Africa, Europe and Central Asia .

Near East, North Africa, Europe and Central Asia
Liquid Nano Clay (LNC)

<p>Desert Control, a Norwegian start up company, has devised a new way of mixing clay and water so that when it is applied to sandy soil, it envelops each grain of sand and spreads the clay perfectly. Liquid Nano Clay (LNC) as it is called, turns the sand into a sponge-like fabric that retains water, thereby holding the nutrients much better. Consequently, crops receive more nutrients and yields improve.</p>

West and Central Africa
Mechanized raised-bed technology

<p>Mechanized raised-bed (MRB) irrigation is a field-configuration technology that enhances water use efficiency in dryland conditions. This technology, along with improved crop varieties and agronomic practices, is part of a MRB production package that improves farm productivity and income. For wheat in Egypt, MRB led to an average 25 percent increase in yield, more than 60 percent increase in water productivity and about 20 percent in farming cost reduction.</p>

West and Central Africa
Community-Based Breeding Programmes

<p>Ten years ago, community-based breeding programmes appeared as a pioneer solution for improving the genes of sheep and goat in low-input systems. CBBPs focus on building local capacity by training farmers, leading to sustained genetic improvement of indigenous breeds. The solution has made economically important genes more common, increased farmers’ income by 20 per cent and helped the community triple their consumption of animal source foods.</p>

Near East, North Africa, Europe and Central Asia
Cactus pear

<p>The International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA) promotes cactus pear as a crop that millions of farmers in semi-arid and dry areas can use to improve their nutrition and incomes. Cactus is a multifunctional crop, mitigating drought and combating desertification. In South Asia as well as Middle-East and North Africa (MENA), the cultivation of cactus pear increases the economic viability of small and medium-sized farms of low-income farmers</p>

West and Central Africa
Supplemental irrigation

<p>Supplemental irrigation provides higher and more stable yields, a lower risk of crop failure and much higher crop water productivity, which together significantly improve farmers' incomes. Supplemental irrigation helps mitigate inconsistent seasonal rainfall, which is intensifying because of climate change. Already, frequent droughts cause substantial crop losses.</p>

Near East, North Africa, Europe and Central Asia
Conservation Agriculture

<p>When properly managed, conservation agriculture can benefit both farmers and the environment. Conservation agriculture refers to the use of technologies and practices that enhance crop productivity while improving resource-use efficiency and soil health. As an alternative to conventional tillage for rainfed drylands, it not only saves time and labour, but also conserves water and nutrients in the soil to make crop production more resilient to climate change.</p>

West and Central Africa
Heat-tolerant wheat

<p>The International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA) has developed high-yielding wheat varieties with resistance to extreme heat, drought, salinity, insect pests and diseases. The varieties have been adopted throughout Central and West Asia, North Africa and sub-Saharan Africa, areas highly vulnerable to climate change. This solution aims to enhance productivity, raise farmers’ incomes, create jobs and increase value addition by encouraging higher levels of wheat self-sufficiency.</p>

East and Southern Africa
Reproductive platform

<p>The reproductive platform aims to establish low-cost, low-infrastructure reproductive laboratories that transform breeding programs in Ethiopia by enhancing the management of reproductive cycles and genetic improvements to popular sheep and goat breeds. It reduces the risk that potentially unsuitable rams would be used for breeding and provides communities with new business opportunities.</p>

Near East, North Africa, Europe and Central Asia
Biofortified lentils

<p>Biofortified with zinc and iron to fight micronutrient malnutrition, varieties of lentils developed by the International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA) mature in less than 100 days and fit well in cereal-based cropping systems. Lentils provide a protein-rich legume crop that can improve nutrition and strengthen rural livelihoods.</p>

East and Southern Africa
Rangeland management

<p>The Sustainable Rangeland Management (SRM) toolkit, tested in Tunisia, lays out a scalable, holistic and multidisciplinary approach for addressing the biophysical and socio-economic trade-offs among different land uses. The toolkit helps communities, policymakers and development actors apply key sustainable rangeland management practices to targeted regions. It can play a major role in achieving a neutral level of land degradation, increased forage production and enhanced ecosystem services.</p>

Near East, North Africa, Europe and Central Asia
Harvest-IT: a “gateway to information” for farmers in the Arab States, Europe and the CIS region

Offline access to country-specific information on a range of agricultural topics.

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Developing policies and programmes on spate irrigation

Spate irrigation provides an effective solution during times of water shortage

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Mobilizing public-private partnerships in support of women-led small business development

Sustainable, export-oriented small businesses to produce cashmere, mohair and wool.

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Developing a business case for safe recovery of water, nutrients and energy

Enterprise-based solutions for reuse of domestic and agro-industrial waste

Near East, North Africa, Europe and Central Asia
Rural development in the Arabian Peninsula

Technology transfer to enhance rural livelihoods and natural resource management.

Near East, North Africa, Europe and Central Asia
Uniting smallholders to access value chains

A collective approach to commercializing small-scale agriculture.

Near East, North Africa, Europe and Central Asia
Conservation Agriculture in Moldova

Adapting to climate change through soil-friendly agricultural practices.

Near East, North Africa, Europe and Central Asia
Boosting food security through multi-national innovation ‘corridors’

Environmentally similar countries can pool resources to accelerate agricultural development.

Near East, North Africa, Europe and Central Asia
Enhancing food security in Somalia through diaspora investment in agriculture

Diaspora communities act as powerful agents of development for their country.